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Florida is a home to 45 species of snakes. 6 of them are venomous and a danger to humans.

Many of which may look dangerous to humans. However, most are ultimately beneficial in the capture of rats and mice. Common non-venomous snake species include the Black Racer, Corn Snake, Eastern Garter Snake, Milk Snake, Yellow Rat Snake, Banded Water Snake, Southern Ringneck Snake, and maybe a Southern Black Snake or Rough Green Snake.

All snakes are carnivorous predators that feed on a variety of small prey. Like many predators, they can be beneficial in the elimination of unwanted vermin such as rodents. However, many people are not comfortable having snakes around, particularly venomous snakes. Snakes are most often spotted in the yard, but we find them in pools, inside houses, and even attics. We safely capture and remove snakes, and even provide snake trapping and prevention services.

People are most likely to encounter snakes if their property provides good snake habitat. Like all animals, snakes are looking for a good place to hunt and live. Sometimes people just happen to come across transient snakes. A venomous snake is most dangerous if surprised or provoked. Many venomous snakes give a warning (such as the rattle of a rattlesnake) or other signs before striking, though this is not always the case. Snakes must be within striking range in order to inflict a bite. This varies by snake, but can be up to half the snake’s body length. Most venomous bites fall under accident categories, and (as evidenced by the high number of hand and arm bites) careless handling or provoking.

Have you ever been bitten by a Black Racer? ๐Ÿ˜ฑ๐Ÿ #welcometoflorida

Posted by Animal Rangers, Inc. on Wednesday, May 29, 2019

About Florida’s Venomous Snakes

Florida is home to six kinds ofย venomous snakes. There are two types of venomous snakes in Florida. The Crotalidae, or pit vipers, and the Elapidae. Included in the family of pit vipers are the Diamondback Rattlesnake, Canebrake Rattlesnake, Pigmy Rattlesnake, Cottonmouth (or Water Moccasin), and the Copperhead. The venom of these snakes is haemotoxic, that is, it destroys the red blood cells and the walls of the blood vessels of the victim. The Elapidae, represented in Florida by the Coral Snake, have neurotoxic venom. This venom attacks the nervous system of a victim, bringing on paralysis.

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake

The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake is the largest and most dangerous of Florida’s native snakes, and is one of the most poisonous snakes of the world. It is large in size, has a high quantity of venom, aggressive defensive tactics and tremendous striking speed, thus making this snake one to be treated with extreme caution. Although it may attain a body length of over eight feet, it is rare to find an Eastern Diamondback over seven feet long. Rattlesnakes feed on small warm-blooded animals, mainly rabbits, squirrels, rats, mice, and sometimes birds. When disturbed, rattlesnakes assume a defensive position with the body coiled around and the head and neck raised in an S-position. From this stance, the rattler can deliver the venomous strike. It almost always gives a warning rattle of the tail first. The Eastern Diamondback occurs in every Florida county and prefers rural scrub pine areas. Average adult size is 36-72 inches, and the record is 96 inches.

The Canebrake Rattlesnake

The Canebrake Rattlesnake , also called the Timber Rattlesnake, is restricted mainly to northern Florida but has been reported as far south as Alachua County. I doubt you’ll ever see one in Orlando. This snake is the southern subspecies of the timber rattlesnake found in more northern portions of the United States. As with other rattlesnakes, the head is much wider than the neck. It is smaller and more slender in build than the average Diamondback. Florida specimens seldom measure more than five feet in length. The Timber Rattler is usually found in the flatwoods, fields and around farms. Average adult size is 36-60 inches, and the record is 74.5 inches. There’s no snake repellent to keep away Canebrakes!

The Pygmy Rattlesnake

The Pygmy Rattlesnake , also called ground rattler, is common throughout Florida. It is found in every county. Its rattle is small and slender and produces a sound like the buzzing of an insect, which may be difficult for people to hear. Most pygmy rattlers measure less than 18 inches in length. It feeds on small frogs, lizards, mice and other snakes. The Pygmy has a feisty disposition, and is quick to strike. Luckily, it usually does not inject enough venom to kill an adult human. However, the venom is extremely painful and damaging to tissue. You do not want to receive a Pygmy Rattler bite! Get pest control for snakes first. Average adult size is 12-24 inches, and the record is 31 inches.

The Cottonmouth or Water Moccasin

The Cottonmouth or Water Moccasin is an aquatic pit viper without rattles. It occurs commonly in every county in the state. Often when disturbed it draws into a loose coil, cocks its head upwards and opens its mouth wide to reveal the white interior lining, earning it the name Cottonmouth. It does not have to be coiled to strike, but can deliver a bite from almost any position, either in or out of the water. It is an unpredictable snake. Some are calm and sluggish while others may be very aggressive. A water snake, the cottonmouth is found along stream banks, in swamps, margins of lakes and in tree-bordered marshes. It hunts at night for its prey of fish, frogs and other snakes, lizards and small mammals. The poisonous bite of this reptile results in great pain and severe swelling. With immediate and proper medical treatment, the bite is only occasionally fatal to humans. Average adult size is 20-48 inches, and the record is 74.5 inches.

The Copperhead

The Copperhead is mainly confined to the Florida panhandle. Many snakes that are reported to be Copperheads turn out to be young Cottonmouths which are similar in appearance. Even more commonly, a common water snake like the Banded Water Snake is mistaken for a Copperhead snake. The copperhead’s bite is less severe than the cottonmouth’s bite. Many people call for snake extermination due to this snake, but most people’s fears are unfounded, and identifications are incorrect. The copper-colored head is wider than the neck. Average adult size is 22-36 inches, and the record is 53 inches.

The Coral Snake

The Coral Snake’s venom is the most potent of any of North America’s snakes per volume. It carries neurotoxic venom (attacks nervous system). It has short fixed fangs and a small mouth. Many people use this rhyme “red touch yellow, kill a fellow; red touch black, okay Jack.” to differentiate the Coral Snake from non-venomous copycats like the Scarlet King Snake. It occurs throughout Florida, primarily in heavy brush, nearly underground, occasionally emerging after heavy rains. Average adult size is 20-30 inches, and the record is 47.5 inches.

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